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Articles in this blog may be ESE news, academics pieces written by our team or events in Malta of general interest.

6 Fast facts about Malta

1 – Who occupied Malta over the years?

Malta had a number of different rulers over the years, in fact the country was occupied by some of the major super powers in Europe. The islands’ strategic and central position was always an attractive feature to different rulers throughout history.
Here is a timeline to highlight Malta’s rulers throughout the island’s history.

Timeline - Fast facts about Malta



2 – What are Malta’s national holidays?

Malta celebrates 5 national holidays. These are:

Calendar - fast facts about Malta

Independence Day – The nation’s independence as a Commonwealth Realm, a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth of Nations with Elizabeth II as The Queen of Malta, was granted on the 21st of September 1964.

Republic Day – the constitution of Malta was substantially revised, transforming the former British colony from a Commonwealth Realm into a Republic within the Commonwealth. The British Monarch was no longer considered The Queen of Malta and the new Head of State, the President, was Sir Anthony Mamo.

Freedom Day – this day is celebrated in remembrance of the withdrawal of British Troops and the Royal Navy from Malta.

Sette Giugno – celebrated annually on 7th June, it commemorates events which occurred on that day in 1919. Following a series of riots by the Maltese population, British troops fired into the crowd, killing four men. This led to increased resistance and support for the pro-Italian parties that had challenged the British presence on the island.

Feast of Our Lady Of Victories – celebrated annually commemorating three events in Malta’s history, the lifting of the 1565 barricade against the Ottoman Empire, the surrender of the French in 1800 and the end of the barricade of the Axis powers in 1943. Our Lady of Victories is also known as the Festa of the Nativity of Our Lady or simply Victory Day.



3 – How many islands make up the Maltese archipelago?

Malta is an archipelago of five main islands, Malta, Gozo, Comino, Cominotto and Fifla. Only three islands are inhabited, these are Malta, Gozo and Comino. If one had to count all the islands, including the smaller ones which are mere rocks, the total would tally to 21 islands. The Maltese islands are located in the Mediterranean Sea, about 97km away from the south of Sicily.

The Maltese Islands



4 – How big is Malta and what is its population?

Malta’s surface area is 321 Squared KM and around 421,000 people inhabit the islands.



5 – Facts on the Maltese Islands

Fast facts about Malta

  • Flag – White & Red Background with the George Cross in the upper left corner of the white part. The George Cross was given to the Maltese population in 1942 by King George VI. It is the highest civil decoration by the United Kingdom, awarded for gallantry
  • Largest City – Birkirkara with an estimate population of 26,000 people
  • Official Languages: Maltese & English
  • Time Zone: CET (UTC +1)
  • Drive on the left
  • Calling Code: +356
  • Member State of the EU since 2004
  • Currency: Euro
  • Government: Parliamentary Republic –
  • President: Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
  • Prime Minister: Joseph Muscat .



6 – National Symbols of Malta

Malta - National symbols

One of the main national symbols is the Maltese Cross, which is the symbol associated with the Order of St. John since 1567, with the traditional Knights Hospitallier and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, and by extension with the island of Malta.

Maltese Cross



Emil Calleja Bayliss - ESE Malta Author: Emil Calleja Bayliss

About the Author: Emil Calleja Bayliss is the Academic Administration Assistant at ESE. Since joining ESE in July 2011, he has taught students of various ages and nationalities. Most of his free time is taken up by lyric writing, in both Maltese and English, in addition to that he enjoys reading, watching films and listening to music.

About this blog

Articles in this blog may be ESE news, academics pieces written by our team or events in Malta of general interest.  Please feel free to write to us with any comments, suggestions or any articles you may have written and would like to share with us and our students.